Some Rules

MsDemmie and MrManuel are both getting new cameras. I’m looking forward to the new views on the world, so I’ve been thinking about photographic rules. Not so much rules, as things that I keep in mind when I take pictures. Things like the Rule of Thirds, lighting, etc. So, in no particular order, here are some thoughts.

– Try not to take pictures into a bright light source. The left picture was taken facing the sun, so the edges of the cat wash out. In the right picture, I had the sun to my back, so the cat came out much clearer. Of course, taking pictures right into the sun can give you some interesting effects, so it’s worth a try, even if the picture doesn’t come out. here’s what I mean…

Most automatic camera modes would balk at these kind of pictures, and underexpose the picture. These situations call for a different metering solution…

– All cameras take pictures by balancing two settings: Aperture and Shutter Speed. everything else is just buttons and lights. Aperture is determined by the diaphragm in the camera lens. A large aperture (F2.8) lets in alot of light, so you can take a picture with a faster shutter speed. A small aperture (F22) lets in much less light, so you need a longer shutter speed. Besides shutter speed, changing the aperture changes the depth of field (how much of the picture is in focus)

The plant on the left was taken at F5.6 (large aperture). The photo on the right was taken at F10 (small aperture). An easy way to remember what aperture does is to think of it as a gauge of depth of field. The higher the F setting, the larger your depth of field, the more of the picture is in focus.

A good way to become a better photographer is to look at pictures… yours, someone else’s, doesn’t matter. I’ve learned things from point and shoot pictures, and I’ve learned things from the pros. Taking pictures is a great way to learn about photography, too. that’s one of the reasons I volunteer at the animal shelter, it forces me to take pictures every week.

That’s about it for now. There’s more (of course), but I’ll get to some of that later.

3 Responses to “Some Rules”

  1. Manuel Says:

    Cool! These lessons will come in very handy!

  2. Nicola Says:

    Cheers James I need a whole book of these in simple language 🙂

  3. Jean Says:

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